China to Give $600M in Aid to Cambodia 01/22 06:01
BEIJING (AP) -- Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, making a four-day visit to
China, said Tuesday that Beijing has agreed to provide his nation with nearly
$600 million in grant aid as part of a three-year assistance fund.
Hun Sen announced the aid from Cambodia's most important political and
economic ally on his Facebook page before any announcement by Beijing. He said
the commitment was made by Chinese President Xi Jinping, whom he met Monday.
Hun Sen said the two countries also agreed to increase their bilateral trade
to $10 billion by 2023 and Xi promised to buy 400,000 tons of rice from
Cambodia in 2019 and push more Chinese businesses to invest in Cambodia.
Two-way trade was about $6 billion in 2017.
He said he and Xi agreed to continue their friendship and cooperation in all
fields. According to Hun Sen, Xi "said the relationship between China and
Cambodia is very crucial, if compared to other countries."
The agreements come as some Western countries are threatening to impose
economic sanctions on Cambodia for repressing democratic rights, judging last
year's general election neither free nor fair. The European Union, Cambodia's
biggest export market, is preparing to withdraw the duty-free access it offers
most Cambodian goods. The EU decided to act after Hun Sen's Cambodian People's
Party swept all 125 seats in last year's polls following the dissolution of the
sole credible opposition party by Cambodia's Supreme Court.
Hun Sen, who has been in power for more than three decades, depended
heavily on Western aid to help his country recover from years of war and
unrest, but chafed at their insistence that human rights and democratic
principles be observed. China's increasing projection of influence in Southeast
Asia and its offers of large amounts of aid and investment to Cambodia
empowered Hun Sen to pay less heed to his Western critics. Much of Cambodia's
infrastructure in recent years has been financed by China and Chinese
companies. China also agreed to write off debts and granted Cambodia
tariff-free status for hundreds of items.
Chinese investment and workers have poured into Southeast Asia as part of
Xi's signature "Belt and Road" infrastructure development initiative. Cambodia
in turn has done Beijing's diplomatic bidding in the region, especially
regarding China's claims to most of the South China Sea.
China has been a close ally of Cambodia since the 1970s, when it backed
dictator Pol Pot's 1975-79 genocidal Khmer Rouge regime that left nearly 2
million Cambodians dead.
Hun Sen, 66, has combined guile and strong-arming to dominate his country's
politics. He declared before last year's election that he intended to serve two
more terms in office.